Oil and Grit Separator
Oil and Grit Separators (OGS) are Manufactured Treatment Devices (MTDs) used for water quality treatment of stormwater runoff through the removal of large particle suspended solids and associated pollutants, and debris. Some devices can also trap light liquids such as oil and other floatables. These MTDs are typically installed underground within the stormwater sewer system in an on-line or off-line configuration. They are distinguished from Filtration-based MTDs by their removal of solids through settling rather than filtration.
Oil and Grit Separators are suitable as pre-treatment to other downstream treatment systems such as ponds or LID features. Cost effective application of OGS for LID typically requires that the practice have a single inlet with a drainage area larger than 0.2 ha.
OGS normally require maintenance every year to function as designed. The cost and level of effort required to undertake the maintenance program over the full life cycle of the practice should be carefully considered when implementing this water quality treatment solution.
Testing and Verification
Several agencies across Canada require ISO 14034 Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) as a condition of technology acceptance.
(Note: when visiting the above link click on the "Other" tab on the page to view Specific Testing Protocols for OGS).
For OGS, the ISO 14034 verification process in Canada consists of two parts:
- Third party laboratory testing of MTDs in accordance with the TRCA’s Procedure for Laboratory Testing of Oil Grit Separators and associated bulletins, and
- Third party verification of the test in accordance with the ISO 14034 ETV standard.
Note that ISO 14034 verification is a necessary, but not sufficient condition for approval agencies using the ISO/ETV process for technology acceptance. The technology must also be classified as an Oil Grit Separator (i.e. not include a filter) for the Procedure for Laboratory Testing of OGS to have been properly applied. This ETV Bulletin helps to provide clarification on this requirement: See table below for a list of current ISO 14034 verified OGS MTDs.
|Verification Year (Initial)||Technology Name||Company Name||Verification Statements|
|2022||RWM-DM-1200 & DM-1200-OS Stormwater Systems||Rainwater Management LTD.||Verification Statement|
|2019||Hydro International Downstream Defender® OGS||Hydro International||Verification Statement|
|2019||SciCLONE™ Hydrodynamic Separator||Bio Clean Environmental Inc. (A Forterra Company)||Verification Statement|
|2018||Hydro International First Defense® OGS||Hydro International||Verification Statement|
|2018||Hydroworks® HydroStorm (HS) OGS||HydroWorks, LLC||Verification Statement|
|2017||Stormceptor® EF and EFO Oil-Grit Separators||Imbrium Systems, Inc.,||Verification Statement|
|2017||CDS Hydrodynamic Separator®||CONTECH Engineered Solutions LLC||Verification Statement|
|2016||SDD3 Oil Grit Separator®||Next Stormwater Solutions (8091200 Canada Inc.)||Verification Statement|
Performance Test Results
The Procedure for Laboratory Testing of Oil Grit Separators provides performance testing for the following performance measures based on a standard sediment particle size distribution:
- Sediment removal performance: Mass balance testing at seven surface loading rates to determine the capacity of MTDs to retain solids
- Sediment scour and re-suspension test: Sediment is pre-loaded into the unit and effluent concentrations are measure at five surface loading rates to determine how well the units retain captured sediment.
- Light liquid capture and retention test: An optional test in which beads with a density similar to motor oil are pre-loaded into the unit and the number of beads in the effluent are measured to assess the capacity of the unit to trap and retain light liquids.
There are currently eight OGS vendors with ISO 14034 verifications (as shown in the table above). A summary of OGS MTD test results from the verification statements is provided here
The list of manufacturers and test results of all OGS products and other verified technologies can be downloaded here:
Sediment removal performance results were relatively consistent across different MTD designs, with slightly more variation at higher surface loading rates (see Graph below).
*Note: Oil Grit Separators do not achieve the 80% removal efficiency required for stand alone application in Ontario, even at very low flow rates.
The ISO 14034 ETV sediment removal rate data for the tested model at specified surface loading rates may be applied to similar MTDs of smaller or larger size by proper scaling. Scaling the performance results of the tested MTD to other model sizes without completing additional testing is acceptable provided that:
- The claimed sediment removal efficiencies for the similar MTD are the same or lower than the tested MTD at identical surface loading rates; and
- The similar MTD is scaled geometrically proportional to the tested unit in all inside dimensions of length and width and a minimum of 85% proportional in depth.
Ensuring the unit is scaled appropriately in all dimensions also helps to ensure that the recommended maintenance intervals for the unit can be achieved.
It is recommended that a standard sizing approach be used for all OGS units to ensure they are evaluated based on a consistent methodology. See a screenshot of STEP's OGS Review Sheet, which has been developed to facilitate application of ISO 14034 ETV test data through a standard approach applicable to all OGS MTD designs. Click the button below to download an excel version of the tool:
The following methods and processes are built into the tool:
- Rational Method used as a basis for flow calculations:
- Target treatment is based on capture and treatment of the average annual runoff volume for the site using ISO 14034 verified sediment removal test results for 7 surface loading rates
- Linear interpolation is used to calculate sediment removal efficiencies between the ISO/ETV tested surface loading rates
- Surface loading rates below the lowest ISO/ETV tested surface loading rate are assigned a sediment removal efficiency equal to that of the lowest tested rate
- Hourly historical rainfall data greater than 1mm for the April to October period are used to generate the rainfall intensity frequency distribution curves.
- Users may input their own rainfall intensity frequency distribution curve data for meteorological stations not provided in the tool.
Associated Documents Submitted with OGS Review Calculator
Other documents typically submitted with the OGS Review Calculator would include:
- Signed Stormwater Management (SWM) Report, engineering drawings, and specifications by the design engineer (Professional Engineer in Ontario) on behalf of their respective clients/owners
- Applicable third-party testing and verification/certification statements and documentation supporting performance claims
- Manufacturer-provided letter/documentation confirming proposed and tested MTD model details (i.e., diameter, depth, treatment depth, max storage depth, sediment storage capacity, hydraulic capacity for bypass), and compliance with sizing and scaling provisions, as per the OGS Procedure scaling provisions
- Operations and Maintenance Manual indicating the inspection and maintenance frequencies, methods of maintenance, health and safety considerations and other relevant information.
ISO 14034 verified OGS vendor websites
- RWM-DM-1200 & DM-1200-OS Stormwater Systems - Developed by: Rainwater Management LTD.
- Hydro International Downstream Defender® OGS - Developed by: Hydro International.
- SciCLONE™ Hydrodynamic Separator - Developed by: Bio Clean Environmental Inc. (A Forterra Company).
- Hydro International First Defense® OGS - Developed by: Hydro International
- Hydroworks® HydroStorm (HS) OGS - Developed by HydroWorks LLC.
- Stormceptor® EF and EFO Oil-Grit Separators - Developed by: Imbrium Systems, Inc.
- CDS Hydrodynamic Separator® - Developed by: CONTECH Engineered Solutions LLC
- SDD3 Oil Grit Separator® - Developed by: Next Stormwater Solutions (8091200 Canada Inc.)
In our effort to make this guide as functional as possible, we have decided to include proprietary systems and links to manufacturers websites. Inclusion of such links does not constitute endorsement by the Sustainable Technologies Evaluation Program. Lists are ordered alphabetically; link updates are welcomed using the form below.
- 3P Technik UK Ltd. n.d. HYDROSYSTEM1000 SUDS MULTI-PROCESS TREATMENT DEVICE. Stormwater Treatment. Accessed September 23 2022. https://www.3ptechnik.co.uk/stormwater-treatment/hydrosystem_1000/
- Saddoris, D.A., McIntire, K.D., Mohseni, O., and J.S. Gulliver, 2010. Hydrodynamic Separator Sediment Retention Testing – Final Report. Minnesota Department of Transportation, St. Paul, MN.
- City of Toronto. 2020. Proposed Manufactured Treatment Devices Guidelines. Version 0.0. Accessed: https://www.toronto.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/9495-Draft-for-Feedback_Proposed-MTD-Guidelines_3-Mar-20_a.pdf