These are not the plants recommended for bioretention cells, rain gardens etc.
BioretentionA shallow excavated surface depression containing prepared filter media, mulch, and planted with selected vegetation. cells, bioswales and similar structures normally have dry to moderate 'soil' conditions.
If you're looking for bioretentionA shallow excavated surface depression containing prepared filter media, mulch, and planted with selected vegetation. plants, you may choose from all of these grasses, perennials, shrubs, and trees.
The most common types of emergent vegetation used in North American wetlands are:
- cattails (Typha spp.),
- bulrushes (Scirpus spp.), and
- reeds (Phragmites spp.),
ALL of the plants listed above have issues associated with invasive species and/or hybridization between native and invasive species in Ontario.
If you are uncertain in making the correct selection, see the external links below for Provincial advice and specialist organisations that can help.
|Scientific Name||Common Name||Native||Partial shade tolerance||Drought Tolerance
|Pollution tolerance||Compaction tolerance||STEP star!||Illustration|
|Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (Scirpus validus)||Soft-stem Bulrush||Y||1||2-3||Y|
|Scirpus atrovirens||Dark-green Bulrush||Y||1||2||Y|
|Scirpus cyperinus||Cottongrass Bulrush||Y||2||2|
|Typha latifolia||Broad-leaf Cattail||Y||1||2-3||Y|
- List of invasive aquatic plants Ontario MNR (includes Glyceria maxima)
- Phalaris arundinacea BMP Ontario MNR
- Phragmites BMP Ontario MNR
- Ontario Phragmites Working Group
- Jacques Whitford Consultants, 2008. CONSTRUCTED & ENGINEERED WETLANDS p. 1-21