Roadside safety

From LID SWM Planning and Design Guide
Jump to: navigation, search
Central Parkway is a LIDLow Impact Development. A stormwater management strategy that seeks to mitigate the impacts of increased urban runoff and stormwater pollution by managing it as close to its source as possible. It comprises a set of site design approaches and small scale stormwater management practices that promote the use of natural systems for infiltration and evapotranspiration, and rainwater harvesting. retrofit streetscape project in the road median in Mississauga, Ontario. The project utilizes soil cells as an underground bioretention system to manage and treat stormwater runoffThat potion of the water precipitated onto a catchment area, which flows as surface discharge from the catchment area past a specified point.Water from rain, snow melt, or irrigation that flows over the land surface. while providing the necessary soil volume to grow large trees.

Streets are both a barrier to natural hydrology as well as an opportunity to manage stormwaterSurface runoff from at-grade surfaces, resulting from rain or snowmelt events.. This page discusses roadside safety concerns associated with road right of ways (RoW). For more information on stormwater management for road right of ways, please see the Site conditions road right of ways page.

Green street design integrates stormwater control and management within the right of way and ensures that the street remains functional and safe for users during a storm event. Unlike stormwater management features such as stormwater ponds that can be isolated or fenced off, LIDLow Impact Development. A stormwater management strategy that seeks to mitigate the impacts of increased urban runoff and stormwater pollution by managing it as close to its source as possible. It comprises a set of site design approaches and small scale stormwater management practices that promote the use of natural systems for infiltration and evapotranspiration, and rainwater harvesting. road right of way retrofits are directly integrated into the existing built form therefore, it is critical to consider how the project will affect all users of the right of way. When incorporating green infrastructureNatural vegetation and vegetative technologies in urban settings such as: urban forests; green roofs; green walls; green spaces; rain gardens; bioswales; community gardens; natural and engineered wetlands and stormwater management ponds; and porous pavement systems. These systems are designed to provide multiple benefits, such as moderate temperatures, clean air and water, and improve aesthetics. into street design, it is important to design with attention to citywide traffic safety and mobility.

Although, the RoW is typically seen as a transportation corridor, it is important to consider other processes which influence the way a community functions such as:

  • Sidewalks and bike lanes are common along urban cross-sections and may also be found in rural cross-sections
  • Storm sewers and sanitary sewers are buried within the ROW
  • Utilities such as electrical and communications lines are either strung overhead or buried in trenches within the corridor
  • Roads may be within existing or planned public transportation routes which may affect available space for LIDLow Impact Development. A stormwater management strategy that seeks to mitigate the impacts of increased urban runoff and stormwater pollution by managing it as close to its source as possible. It comprises a set of site design approaches and small scale stormwater management practices that promote the use of natural systems for infiltration and evapotranspiration, and rainwater harvesting. features
  • Access to private properties by emergency vehicles including fire trucks must be considered
  • Interactions with adjoining land uses

When assessing the roadside safety of the retrofitted road right-of-way, it is important to evaluate roadside safety of the existing as well as the proposed conditions. It is also critical to consult with existing design standards (such as the Ministry of Transportation (MTO) Roadside Safety Manual [1] and the Geometric Design Standards for Ontario Highways [2]) when assessing roadside safety.

It is recommended that the following points be taken into consideration when assessing roadside safety in accordance with the MTO Roadside Safety Manual:

  • Concrete barrier curbs are typically used as borders for road medians and are not considered to provide protection for design speeds greater than 60 km/h as vehicles travelling at such speeds are likely to hop over the curb rather than be redirected
  • Planter walls oriented transversely to the roadway and taller than 150 mm as well as dislodged precast pavers may be frangible and are known to pose a hazard to vehicle traffic
  • If the entirety of the median is narrower than the required clear zone, additional care should be taken to not construct any hazards in the median
  • Median swales should have transverse slopes as flat as possible but no steeper than 4:1
  • Ponding depth in LIDLow Impact Development. A stormwater management strategy that seeks to mitigate the impacts of increased urban runoff and stormwater pollution by managing it as close to its source as possible. It comprises a set of site design approaches and small scale stormwater management practices that promote the use of natural systems for infiltration and evapotranspiration, and rainwater harvesting. features between rainfall events should be kept to the minimum as in the event of a vehicle rollover, drowning is possible even in shallow depths of standing waterWater ponded on the ground surface.
  • Trees cannot be planted too close to the roadway and should be spaced such that an errant vehicle will only strike one tree at a time to avoid causing rapid deceleration

Sightlines

When constructing plantings directly adjacent to roadways, it is important to avoid obstructing the required sightlines as set out in the MTO Geometric Design Standards for Ontario Highways. Under the standard, there are various types of sightlines such as stopping, intersection, passing and decision sight distances that must be met depending on the scenario at hand. Of the various sightline types, adequate stopping sight distance must be provided at all intersections and roadways so that a vehicle must be able to see far enough ahead to perceive an object, react to it and bring the vehicle to a stop before reaching the object in question. Maintaining intersection sightlines at signalized and non-signalized intersections is also required to allow motorists the opportunity to mitigate collisions at intersections. Depending on the site conditions, the extents of intersection site triangles are prescribed in the MTO Geometric Design Standards for Ontario Highways. It is also important to account for the height of vegetation at each LIDLow Impact Development. A stormwater management strategy that seeks to mitigate the impacts of increased urban runoff and stormwater pollution by managing it as close to its source as possible. It comprises a set of site design approaches and small scale stormwater management practices that promote the use of natural systems for infiltration and evapotranspiration, and rainwater harvesting. site as the height should be coordinated such that drivers are given a reasonable view of the intersection where they can see cross-traffic when approaching the intersection.