Difference between revisions of "Permeable pavements: Maintenance"

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The following maintenance procedures and preventative measures should be incorporated into a maintenance plan:  
 
The following maintenance procedures and preventative measures should be incorporated into a maintenance plan:  
*Surface Sweeping: Sweeping should occur once or twice a year with a commercial vacuum sweeping unit to mitigate sediment accumulation and ensure continued porosity. Permeable pavement should  not be washed with high pressure water systems or compressed air units, because they will push particles deeper into the pavement<ref> Philadelphia Water Department (PWD). 2007. Philadelphia Stormwater Management Guidance Manual. Philadelphia, PA.</ref>
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[[File:MaintenancePICP.png|thumb|400px|Vehicle used for vacuum maintenance of permeable pavements (Source: STEP). ]]
*Inlet Structures: Drainage pipes and structures within or draining to the subsurface bedding beneath porous pavement should be cleaned out on regular intervals <ref> Philadelphia Water Department (PWD). 2007. Philadelphia Stormwater Management Guidance Manual. Philadelphia, PA.</ref>
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*'''Surface Sweeping''': Sweeping should occur once or twice a year with a commercial vacuum sweeping unit to mitigate sediment accumulation and ensure continued porosity. Permeable pavement should  not be washed with high pressure water systems or compressed air units, because they will push particles deeper into the pavement.<ref name=manchester2002>Philadelphia Water Department (PWD). 2007. Philadelphia Stormwater Management Guidance Manual. Philadelphia </ref>
*Heavy Vehicles: Trucks and other heavy vehicles can ground dirt into the porous surface and lead to clogging. These vehicles should be prevented from tracking or spilling dirt onto the pavement. Signage and training of facilities personnel is suggested. <ref>Philadelphia Water Department (PWD). 2007. Philadelphia Stormwater Management Guidance Manual. Philadelphia, PA.</ref>
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*'''Inlet Structures''': Drainage pipes and structures within or draining to the subsurface bedding beneath porous pavement should be cleaned out on regular intervals .<ref name=manchester2002/>
*Construction and Hazardous Materials: Due to the potential for groundwater contamination, all construction or hazardous material carriers should be prohibited from entering a permeable pavement site•<ref>Philadelphia Water Department (PWD). 2007. Philadelphia Stormwater Management Guidance Manual. Philadelphia, PA.</ref>
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*'''Heavy Vehicles''': Trucks and other heavy vehicles can ground dirt into the porous surface and lead to clogging. These vehicles should be prevented from tracking or spilling dirt onto the pavement. Signage and training of facilities personnel is suggested. .<ref name=manchester2002/>
*Drainage Areas: Impervious areas contributing to the permeable pavement should be regularly swept and kept clear of litter and debris. Flows from any landscaped areas should be diverted away from the
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*'''Construction and Hazardous Materials''': Due to the potential for groundwater contamination, all construction or hazardous material carriers should be prohibited from entering a permeable pavement site.<ref name=manchester2002/>
pavement or at least be well stabilized with vegetation.  
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*'''Drainage Areas''': Impervious areas contributing to the permeable pavement should be regularly swept and kept clear of litter and debris.Flows from any landscaped areas should be diverted away from the pavement or at least be well stabilized with vegetation.
*Grid Pavers: Paver or grid systems that have been planted with grass should be mowed regularly and the clippings should be removed (PWD, 2007). Water and fertilize as needed.  
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*'''Grid Pavers''': Paver or grid systems that have been planted with grass should be mowed regularly and the clippings should be removed. Water and fertilize as needed. .<ref name=manchester2002/>
*Seal Coating: Seal coats should never be applied to permeable pavements. Current and future owners and operations staff must be aware of permeable pavement areas and the importance of not applying  
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any sealants. Porous asphalt and pervious concrete look very similar to their impervious versions and could be inadvertently sealed over.  
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*'''Seal Coating''': Seal coats should never be applied to permeable pavements. Current and future owners and operations staff must be aware of permeable pavement areas and the importance of not applying any sealants. Porous asphalt and pervious concrete look very similar to their impervious versions and could be inadvertently sealed over.  
*Potholes: For porous asphalt or pervious concrete, isolated potholes can be patched with standard patching mixes. Patching can continue until the structural integrity of the pavement has been compromised or stormwater can no longer drain to the aggregate base. Then the surface will need to be torn up and replaced.  
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*Uneven Pavers: An uneven paver surface can be repaired by pulling up the pavers, redistributing the bedding layer, and then placing the pavers back. New filler stone will need to be swept into the  
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*'''Potholes''': For porous asphalt or pervious concrete, isolated potholes can be patched with standard patching mixes. Patching can continue until the structural integrity of the pavement has been compromised or stormwater can no longer drain to the aggregate base. Then the surface will need to be torn up and replaced.  
replaced pavers. Typically the pavers are packed very tightly, and breaking one or more pavers will be necessary to pull up a group of pavers. Keeping a set of replacement pavers after construction will be useful for making future repairs.
+
*'''Uneven Pavers''': An uneven paver surface can be repaired by pulling up the pavers, redistributing the bedding layer, and then placing the pavers back. New filler stone will need to be swept into the replaced pavers. Typically the pavers are packed very tightly, and breaking one or more pavers will be necessary to pull up a group of pavers. Keeping a set of replacement pavers after construction will be useful for making future repairs.
*Weeds: Over time, weed growth may become a problem, particularly on surfaces with infrequent traffic. Weeds can be an aesthetic issue and may also reduce the infiltration through the pavement.
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*'''Weeds''': Over time, weed growth may become an aesthetic problem, particularly on surfaces with infrequent traffic. Keeping the pavement surface free of organic material through regular sweeping and vacuuming can impede weeds from taking root. Ontario has banned the use of cosmetic herbicides for weed control.
Keeping the pavement surface free of organic material through regular sweeping and vacuuming can impede weeds from taking root. Pulling weeds when they are small will limit damage to the pavement
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*'''Vacuuming''': Annual vacuuming of permeable interlocking concrete pavers can increase the operational lifespan of these pavers. <ref> Jennifer Drake, Andrea Bradford, Tim Van Seters and Glenn MacMillan, 2016. Evaluation of Permeable Pavements in Cold Climates. accessed at https://sustainabletechnologies.ca/app/uploads/2013/02/KPP-Final-2012.pdf </ref>
and loss of filler material between pavers. Ontario has banned the use of cosmetic herbicides.  
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*'''Winter Maintenance''': Sand should not be spread on permeable pavement as it can quickly lead to clogging. Deicers should only be used in moderation and only when needed because dissolved constituents are not removed by the pavement system. Pilot studies at the University of New Hampshire Stormwater Center have found that permeable pavement requires 75% less salt than conventional pavement over the course of a typical winter season. <ref>University of New Hampshire Stormwater Center (UNHSC). 2007. 2007 Annual Report. Durham, NH.</ref>
*Winter Maintenance: Sand should not be spread on permeable pavement as it can quickly lead to clogging. Deicers should only be used in moderation and only when needed because dissolved  
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*'''Snow Plowing''': Permeable pavement is plowed for snow removal like any other pavement. When groundwater contamination from chlorides is a concern, plowed snow piles and snow melt should not be directed to permeable paver and porous pavement systems<ref>Smith, D. 2006. Permeable Interlocking Concrete Pavements; Selection, Design,
constituents are not removed by the pavement system. Pilot studies at the University of New Hampshire Stormwater Center have found that permeable pavement requires 75% less salt than conventional pavement over the course of a typical winter season <ref>University of New Hampshire Stormwater Center (UNHSC). 2007. 2007 Annual Report. Durham, NH.</ref>
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Construction, Maintenance. 3rd Edition. Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute.Burlington, ON.</ref><br> Also, plowed snow/snow piles should not be stored on top of permeable pavements, since this snow often contains granular materials which can contribute to clogging
*Snow Plowing: Permeable pavement is plowed for snow removal like any other pavement. When groundwater contamination from chlorides is a concern, plowed snow piles and snow melt should not be directed to permeable paver and porous pavement systems<ref>Smith, D. 2006. Permeable Interlocking Concrete Pavements; Selection, Design,
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Construction, Maintenance. 3rd Edition. Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute.Burlington, ON.</ref><br><br>
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Annual inspections of permeable pavement should be conducted in the spring prior to onset of the summer thunderstorm season. These inspections should check for evidence of spills and surface ponding (staining or sediment accumulation on pavement surface), damage and deterioration.
Annual inspections of permeable pavement should be conducted in the spring to ensure continued infiltration performance. These inspections should check for spilling or deterioration and test to whether water is draining between storms. The pavement reservoir should drain completely within 72 hours of the end of the storm event.
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===References===
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For more detailed guidance, refer to STEP's Low Impact Development Stormwater Management Practice Inspection and Maintenance Guide and Permeable Pavements Inspection and Maintenance Fact Sheet, both of which can be accessed [https://sustainabletechnologies.ca/home/urban-runoff-green-infrastructure/low-impact-development/low-impact-development-stormwater-practice-inspection-and-maintenance-guide/ here]
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Latest revision as of 18:47, 6 August 2020

The following maintenance procedures and preventative measures should be incorporated into a maintenance plan:

Vehicle used for vacuum maintenance of permeable pavements (Source: STEP).
  • Surface Sweeping: Sweeping should occur once or twice a year with a commercial vacuum sweeping unit to mitigate sediment accumulation and ensure continued porosity. Permeable pavement should not be washed with high pressure water systems or compressed air units, because they will push particles deeper into the pavement.[1]
  • Inlet Structures: Drainage pipes and structures within or draining to the subsurface bedding beneath porous pavement should be cleaned out on regular intervals .[1]
  • Heavy Vehicles: Trucks and other heavy vehicles can ground dirt into the porous surface and lead to clogging. These vehicles should be prevented from tracking or spilling dirt onto the pavement. Signage and training of facilities personnel is suggested. .[1]
  • Construction and Hazardous Materials: Due to the potential for groundwater contamination, all construction or hazardous material carriers should be prohibited from entering a permeable pavement site.[1]
  • Drainage Areas: Impervious areas contributing to the permeable pavement should be regularly swept and kept clear of litter and debris.Flows from any landscaped areas should be diverted away from the pavement or at least be well stabilized with vegetation.
  • Grid Pavers: Paver or grid systems that have been planted with grass should be mowed regularly and the clippings should be removed. Water and fertilize as needed. .[1]
  • Seal Coating: Seal coats should never be applied to permeable pavements. Current and future owners and operations staff must be aware of permeable pavement areas and the importance of not applying any sealants. Porous asphalt and pervious concrete look very similar to their impervious versions and could be inadvertently sealed over.
  • Potholes: For porous asphalt or pervious concrete, isolated potholes can be patched with standard patching mixes. Patching can continue until the structural integrity of the pavement has been compromised or stormwater can no longer drain to the aggregate base. Then the surface will need to be torn up and replaced.
  • Uneven Pavers: An uneven paver surface can be repaired by pulling up the pavers, redistributing the bedding layer, and then placing the pavers back. New filler stone will need to be swept into the replaced pavers. Typically the pavers are packed very tightly, and breaking one or more pavers will be necessary to pull up a group of pavers. Keeping a set of replacement pavers after construction will be useful for making future repairs.
  • Weeds: Over time, weed growth may become an aesthetic problem, particularly on surfaces with infrequent traffic. Keeping the pavement surface free of organic material through regular sweeping and vacuuming can impede weeds from taking root. Ontario has banned the use of cosmetic herbicides for weed control.
  • Vacuuming: Annual vacuuming of permeable interlocking concrete pavers can increase the operational lifespan of these pavers. [2]
  • Winter Maintenance: Sand should not be spread on permeable pavement as it can quickly lead to clogging. Deicers should only be used in moderation and only when needed because dissolved constituents are not removed by the pavement system. Pilot studies at the University of New Hampshire Stormwater Center have found that permeable pavement requires 75% less salt than conventional pavement over the course of a typical winter season. [3]
  • Snow Plowing: Permeable pavement is plowed for snow removal like any other pavement. When groundwater contamination from chlorides is a concern, plowed snow piles and snow melt should not be directed to permeable paver and porous pavement systems[4]
    Also, plowed snow/snow piles should not be stored on top of permeable pavements, since this snow often contains granular materials which can contribute to clogging

Annual inspections of permeable pavement should be conducted in the spring prior to onset of the summer thunderstorm season. These inspections should check for evidence of spills and surface ponding (staining or sediment accumulation on pavement surface), damage and deterioration.

For more detailed guidance, refer to STEP's Low Impact Development Stormwater Management Practice Inspection and Maintenance Guide and Permeable Pavements Inspection and Maintenance Fact Sheet, both of which can be accessed here



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Philadelphia Water Department (PWD). 2007. Philadelphia Stormwater Management Guidance Manual. Philadelphia
  2. Jennifer Drake, Andrea Bradford, Tim Van Seters and Glenn MacMillan, 2016. Evaluation of Permeable Pavements in Cold Climates. accessed at https://sustainabletechnologies.ca/app/uploads/2013/02/KPP-Final-2012.pdf
  3. University of New Hampshire Stormwater Center (UNHSC). 2007. 2007 Annual Report. Durham, NH.
  4. Smith, D. 2006. Permeable Interlocking Concrete Pavements; Selection, Design, Construction, Maintenance. 3rd Edition. Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute.Burlington, ON.