Difference between revisions of "Overflow"

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[[File:Routing.png|thumb|Conceptual diagram of the excess routing alternatives: On the left, excess flow leaves the cell via an overflow; on the right, excess flow is diverted so that only the design volume enters the cell.]]
 
[[File:Routing.png|thumb|Conceptual diagram of the excess routing alternatives: On the left, excess flow leaves the cell via an overflow; on the right, excess flow is diverted so that only the design volume enters the cell.]]
[[File:BeehiveGrate.jpg|thumb|Domed, metal overflow/outlet grate<br> Photo credit:Aaron Volkening]]
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[[File:BeehiveGrate.jpeg|thumb|Domed, metal overflow/outlet grate<br> Photo credit:Aaron Volkening]]
  
 
==Routing==
 
==Routing==

Revision as of 19:08, 2 November 2017

Conceptual diagram of the excess routing alternatives: On the left, excess flow leaves the cell via an overflow; on the right, excess flow is diverted so that only the design volume enters the cell.
Domed, metal overflow/outlet grate
Photo credit:Aaron Volkening

Routing

  • Infiltration facilities can be designed to be inlineRefers to a system that accepts all of the flow from a drainage area and conveys larger event flows through an overflow outlet. or offlineRefers to a system that when full, stormwater will bypass the practice. Offline systems use flow splitters or bypass channels that only allow the water quality volume to enter the facility. This may be achieved with a pipe, weir, or curb opening sized for the target flow, but in conjunction, create a bypass channel so that higher flows do not pass over the surface of the filter bed. from the drainage systemA system flow of gully inlets, pipes, overland flow paths, open channels, culverts and detention basins used to convey runoff to its receiving waters. City of Toronto 45 Wet Weather Flow Management November 2006.
  • InlineRefers to a system that accepts all of the flow from a drainage area and conveys larger event flows through an overflow outlet. facilities accept all of the flow from a drainage areaThe total surface area upstream of a point on a stream that drains toward that point. Not to be confused with watershed. The drainage area may include one or more watersheds. and convey larger event flows through an overflow outlet. The overflow must be sized to safely convey larger storm events out of the facility.
The invert of the overflow should be placed at the maximum water surface elevation of the bioretentionA shallow excavated surface depression containing prepared filter media, mulch, and planted with selected vegetation. area, (typically 150 - 250 mm above the surface).
  • OfflineRefers to a system that when full, stormwater will bypass the practice. Offline systems use flow splitters or bypass channels that only allow the water quality volume to enter the facility. This may be achieved with a pipe, weir, or curb opening sized for the target flow, but in conjunction, create a bypass channel so that higher flows do not pass over the surface of the filter bed. facilities use flow splitters or bypass channels that only allow the required water quality storage volume to enter the facility.
Higher flows are diverted and do not enter the infiltration practice. A pipe can by used for this, but a weir or curb cut minimizes clogging and reduces the maintenance frequency.

Options

Feature Anti Vandalism/Robust Lower Cost Option Self cleaning
Dome grate x
Flat grate x
Plastic grate x
Metal grate x
Catch basinGround depression acting as a flow control and water treatment structure, that is normally dry. x
DitchA long narrow trench or furrow dug in the ground, as for irrigation, drainage, or a boundary line. inlet catch basinGround depression acting as a flow control and water treatment structure, that is normally dry. x x
Curb cut x x x