Difference between revisions of "Green roof media"

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<p>ASTM Interantional have a number of standards relating to various design considerations for green roofs. These standards provide good technical advice on the testing of systems and components. <br>
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The [[green roofs|green roof]] media used in Ontario can be classed according to proportion of composted biological material. Some existing installations use materials which comply with FLL guidelines, whilst others use a much higher proportion of [[compost]]<ref>Hill, J., Drake, J., and Sleep, B. (2016). “Comparisons of extensive green roof media in Southern Ontario.” Ecological Engineering, Elsevier B.V., 94, 418–426.</ref>.
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ASTM International have a number of standards relating to various design considerations for green roofs. These standards provide good technical advice on the testing of systems and components.
 
Of particular note are:
 
Of particular note are:
<ul><li>E2399 Standard Test Method for Maximum Media Density for Dead Load Analysis of Vegetative (Green) Roof Systems[https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2399.htm], and </li>
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*Standard Test Method for Maximum Media Density for Dead Load Analysis of Vegetative (Green) Roof Systems[https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2399.htm E2399], and
<li> E2396 Test Method for Saturated Water Permeability of Granular Drainage Media [https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2396.htms]. </li>
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*Test Method for Saturated Water Permeability of Granular Drainage Media [https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2396.htms E2396].
</ul>
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<p>When these tests are completed, the results should be interpreted in relation to the objectives of the green roof. A product complying with overseas guidelines may not serve the needs of a green roof installed in Ontario. In particular, the FLL guide [http://www.fll.de/shop/english-publications/green-roofing-guideline-2008-file-download.html] recommends green roof media specifications which may not provide optimal stormwater management or vegetation in our region. The green roof media used in Ontario can be classed according to proportion of composted biological material. Some existing installations use materials which comply with FLL guidelines, whilst others use a high proportion of compost.[http://grit.daniels.utoronto.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Comparisons-of-extensive-green-roof-media-in-Southern-Ontario.pdf]</p>
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When these tests are completed, the results should be interpreted in relation to the objectives of the green roof. A product complying with overseas guidelines may not serve the needs of a green roof installed in Ontario. In particular, the [http://www.fll.de/shop/english-publications/green-roofing-guideline-2008-file-download.html FLL guide] recommends green roof media specifications which may not provide optimal stormwater management or vegetation in our region.  
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In many proprietary systems the default option for planting medium will be a granular material with very low organic matter content. However, many companies can arrange for a high [[organic matter]] alternative to be substituted if requested.   
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{|class="wikitable"
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|+ Considerations for using a 'high organic', [[compost]] based planting medium
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!Benefits
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!Disadvantages
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*Increased water holding capacity, which benefits both vegetation health and stormwater retention
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*Lighter weight, even when saturated
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*Increased [[phosphorus]] concentration in runoff water, however this may be mitigated by the reduced runoff volume resulting in a lower loading overall
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*The lightweight material is more prone to wind erosion, and this should be accounted for in the initial design, alternatives include erosion control blankets, soil tackifiers, or Sedum mats.
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|}
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Increasing the depth of planting medium from 10 cm to 15 cm has been shown to benefit the vegetation <ref>MacIvor JS, Margolis L, Puncher CL, Carver Matthews BJ. Decoupling factors affecting plant diversity and cover on extensive green roofs. J Environ Manage. 2013;130:297-305. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.09.014.</ref>; stormwater retention was not improved with this increase in depth <ref>Hill, J., Drake, A. P. J., Sleep, B., and Margolis, L. (2017). “Influences of Four Extensive Green Roof Design Variables on Stormwater Hydrology.” Journal of Hydrologic Engineering.</ref>
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[[category:materials]]
 
[[category:materials]]
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[[category:green infrastructure]]

Latest revision as of 01:53, 9 March 2018

The green roof media used in Ontario can be classed according to proportion of composted biological material. Some existing installations use materials which comply with FLL guidelines, whilst others use a much higher proportion of compost[1].

ASTM International have a number of standards relating to various design considerations for green roofs. These standards provide good technical advice on the testing of systems and components. Of particular note are:

  • Standard Test Method for Maximum Media Density for Dead Load Analysis of Vegetative (Green) Roof SystemsE2399, and
  • Test Method for Saturated Water Permeability of GranularGravel, or crushed stone of various size gradations (i.e., diameter), used in construction; void forming material used as bedding and runoff storage reservoirs and underdrains in stormwater infiltration practices. Drainage Media E2396.

When these tests are completed, the results should be interpreted in relation to the objectives of the green roofA thin layer of vegetation and growing medium installed on top of a conventional flat or sloped roof, also referred to as living roofs or rooftop gardens.. A product complying with overseas guidelines may not serve the needs of a green roofA thin layer of vegetation and growing medium installed on top of a conventional flat or sloped roof, also referred to as living roofs or rooftop gardens. installed in Ontario. In particular, the FLL guide recommends green roofA thin layer of vegetation and growing medium installed on top of a conventional flat or sloped roof, also referred to as living roofs or rooftop gardens. media specifications which may not provide optimal stormwater management or vegetation in our region. In many proprietary systems the default option for planting medium will be a granularGravel, or crushed stone of various size gradations (i.e., diameter), used in construction; void forming material used as bedding and runoff storage reservoirs and underdrains in stormwater infiltration practices. material with very low organic matter content. However, many companies can arrange for a high organic matter alternative to be substituted if requested.

Considerations for using a 'high organic', compost based planting medium
Benefits Disadvantages
  • Increased water holding capacity, which benefits both vegetation health and stormwater retention
  • Lighter weight, even when saturated
  • Increased phosphorus concentration in runoffThat potion of the water precipitated onto a catchment area, which flows as surface discharge from the catchment area past a specified point.Water from rain, snow melt, or irrigation that flows over the land surface. water, however this may be mitigated by the reduced runoffThat potion of the water precipitated onto a catchment area, which flows as surface discharge from the catchment area past a specified point.Water from rain, snow melt, or irrigation that flows over the land surface. volume resulting in a lower loadingThe total mass of a pollutant entering a waterbody over a defined time period.The net amount of something (e.g. chemical, such as phosphorus), calculated as the product of concentration and volume in a given time. Some BMPs significantly reduce loading of pollutants to the environment by reducing volume more so than concentration. overall
  • The lightweight material is more prone to wind erosion(1) The wearing away of the land surface by moving water, wind, ice or other geological agents, including such processes as gravitation creep; (2) Detachment and movement of soil or rock fragments by water, wind, ice or gravity (i.e. Accelerated, geological, gully, natural, rill, sheet, splash, or impact, etc)., and this should be accounted for in the initial design, alternatives include erosion controlIncludes the protection of soil from dislocation by water, wind or other agents. blankets, soil tackifiers, or Sedum mats.
Increasing the depth of planting medium from 10 cm to 15 cm has been shown to benefit the vegetation [2]; stormwater retention was not improved with this increase in depth [3]
  1. Hill, J., Drake, J., and Sleep, B. (2016). “Comparisons of extensive green roof media in Southern Ontario.” Ecological Engineering, Elsevier B.V., 94, 418–426.
  2. MacIvor JS, Margolis L, Puncher CL, Carver Matthews BJ. Decoupling factors affecting plant diversity and cover on extensive green roofs. J Environ Manage. 2013;130:297-305. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.09.014.
  3. Hill, J., Drake, A. P. J., Sleep, B., and Margolis, L. (2017). “Influences of Four Extensive Green Roof Design Variables on Stormwater Hydrology.” Journal of Hydrologic Engineering.