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Jenny Hill moved page Phosphorus testing to Phosphorus testing in media without leaving a redirect
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For BMPs including: [[bioretention]], [[enhanced grass swales]], [[vegetated filter strips]], [[absorbent landscapes]], [[green roofs]] and, bulk materials including: [[compost]], and [[topsoil]], phosphorus (P) should be measured as extractable phosphorus. Extractable P is the portion that is easily available to organisms like plants and algae i.e. is the measure of immediate concern to water quality.
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For BMPs including: [[bioretention]], [[enhanced grass swales]], [[vegetated filter strips]], [[absorbent landscapes]], [[green roofs]] and, bulk materials including: [[compost]], and [[topsoil]], [[phosphorus]] (P) should be measured as extractable phosphorus. Extractable P is the portion that is easily available to organisms like plants and algae i.e. is the measure of immediate concern to water quality.
    
The quantity of extractable P is determined through acid or base extraction of a sample and testing the concentration in solution by a soil testing laboratory. Commonly used extraction methods on soil samples are the Bray and Kurtz P-1 procedure for non-calcareous soil <ref>Bray, R.H. and Kurtz, L.T. 1945. Determination of total, organic, and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Science, 59: 39-45.</ref>or the Sodium Bicarbonate (Olsen) method for calcareous soil <ref>Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanabe, F.S., and Dean, L.A. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circular 939:1-19. Gov. Printing Office Washington D.C.</ref>.  
 
The quantity of extractable P is determined through acid or base extraction of a sample and testing the concentration in solution by a soil testing laboratory. Commonly used extraction methods on soil samples are the Bray and Kurtz P-1 procedure for non-calcareous soil <ref>Bray, R.H. and Kurtz, L.T. 1945. Determination of total, organic, and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Science, 59: 39-45.</ref>or the Sodium Bicarbonate (Olsen) method for calcareous soil <ref>Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanabe, F.S., and Dean, L.A. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circular 939:1-19. Gov. Printing Office Washington D.C.</ref>.  
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The Olsen method is recommended as the default to use for typical Ontario soils <ref>Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA). 2006. Soil Fertility Handbook. Publication #611. Toronto, Ontario.</ref>. Calcareous soils are mostly or partly composed of calcium carbonate (i.e., lime or limestone). The Olsen extraction method should be used if the soil contains more than 2% calcium carbonate <ref>Frank, K., Beegle, D., Denning, J. 2012. “Phosphorus” In Recommended Chemical Soil Test Procedures for the North Central Region. North Central Regional Research Publication No. 221. Missouri Agricultural Experimental Station.</ref>
 
The Olsen method is recommended as the default to use for typical Ontario soils <ref>Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA). 2006. Soil Fertility Handbook. Publication #611. Toronto, Ontario.</ref>. Calcareous soils are mostly or partly composed of calcium carbonate (i.e., lime or limestone). The Olsen extraction method should be used if the soil contains more than 2% calcium carbonate <ref>Frank, K., Beegle, D., Denning, J. 2012. “Phosphorus” In Recommended Chemical Soil Test Procedures for the North Central Region. North Central Regional Research Publication No. 221. Missouri Agricultural Experimental Station.</ref>
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For [[green roof media]], the Saturated Media Extract (SME) method should be used <ref>Green Roofs for Healthy Cities. 2011. Advanced Green Roof Maintenance: Participant’s Manual. Toronto, ON.</ref>. In this extraction procedure, a sample of the media is saturated with deionized water containing a small amount of Pentetic acid (DTPA) to enhance extraction of micro-nutrients Warnacke, D. 1995. “Recommended Test Procedures for Greenhouse Growth Media.” In J. Thomas
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For [[green roof media]], the Saturated Media Extract (SME) method should be used <ref>Green Roofs for Healthy Cities. 2011. Advanced Green Roof Maintenance: Participant’s Manual. Toronto, ON.</ref>. In this extraction procedure, a sample of the media is saturated with deionized water containing a small amount of Pentetic acid (DTPA) to enhance extraction of micro-nutrients <ref>Warnacke, D. 1995. “Recommended Test Procedures for Greenhouse Growth Media.” In J. Thomas
 
Sims and A. Wolf, eds., Recommended Soil Testing Procedures for the Northeastern United States. Northeast Regional Bulletin #493. Newark: Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Delaware.</ref>. This SME procedure should also be used to measure concentrations of [[soluble salts]] and [[nitrogen]] in green roof growing media.
 
Sims and A. Wolf, eds., Recommended Soil Testing Procedures for the Northeastern United States. Northeast Regional Bulletin #493. Newark: Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Delaware.</ref>. This SME procedure should also be used to measure concentrations of [[soluble salts]] and [[nitrogen]] in green roof growing media.
  

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