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LID SWM Planning and Design Guide β

Site considerations

Installation type Depth to high water or bedrock (m)[1] Typical ratio of
Impervious drainage area
to treatment facility area
Native soil infiltration rate (mm/hr)[2] Head (m)[3] Space % [4] Slope % [5] Applicable in pollution hotspots [6] Set backs Karst[7] Wellhead protection area[8]
Rain Barrel Not applicable 5 to 50 m2 Not applicable 1 0 NA Yes None Yes None
Cistern Not applicable 1:1 Not applicable 0 0 0 Yes None Yes None
Roof downspout disconnection Not applicable 5 to 100 m2 Amend if < 15 mm/hr 0.5 5 to 20 1 to 5 Yes Building Foundation Yes None
Soakaway, infiltration trench or chamber 1 5:1 to 20:1 Not a constraint 1 to 2 0 to 1 <15 % No 4m- Building Foundation
Underground Utilities, Trees,
Drinking Water Wellhead
Protection Areas
No 2 yr
Bioretention 1 5:1 to 15:1 Underdrain recommended
if < 15 mm/hr
1 to 2 5 to 10 0 to 2 No (infiltrating); Yes (non-infiltrating) 4m- Building Foundation
Underground Utilities, Trees,
Drinking Water Wellhead
Protection Areas
No (infiltrating); Yes (non-infiltrating) 2 yr (infiltrating); None (non-infiltrating)
Stormwater planters Not applicable 5:1 Not a constraint 1 to 2 2 to 5 0 to 2 No (infiltrating); Yes (non-infiltrating) Building Foundation, Trees No (infiltrating); Yes (non-infiltrating) 2 Yr (infiltrating); None (non-infiltrating)
Vegetated filter strip Not applicable 5:1 Amend if < 15 mm/hr 0 to 1 15 to 20 1 to 5 No None Yes None
Permeable pavement 1 1:1 to 1.2:1 Underdrain recommended
if < 15 mm/hr
0.5 to 1 0 1 to 5 No (infiltrating); Yes (non-infiltrating) 4m-Underground Utilities
Drinking Water Wellhead
Protection Areas
No (infiltrating); Yes (non-infiltrating) 2 Yr (infiltrating); None (non-infiltrating)
Enhanced grass swale (has checkdams) Not applicable 5:1 to 10:1 Not applicable 1 to 3 5 to 15 0.5 to 6 No 4m- Building Foundation
Underground Utilities
Yes None
Dry swale (Bioswale) 1 5:1 to 15:1 Underdrain recommended
if < 15 mm/hr
1 to 3 5 to 10 0.5 to 6 No (infiltrating); Yes (non-infiltrating) 4m (3m if impermeable liner
is used) Building foundation,
Underground utilities,
Drinking Water Wellhead Protection Areas
No (infiltrating); Yes (non-infiltrating) 2 Yr (infiltrating); None (non-infiltrating)
Perforated pipe system 1 5:1 to 10:1 Not a constraint 1 to 3 0 < 15% No 4m- Building Foundation
Underground Utilities, Trees,
Drinking Water Wellhead
Protection Areas
No 2 Yr
  1. Minimum depth between the base of the facility and the elevation of the seasonally high water table or top of bedrock
  2. Infiltration rate estimates based on measurements of hydraulic conductivity under field saturated conditions at the proposed location and depth of the practice
  3. Vertical distance between the inlet and outlet of the LID practice
  4. Percent of open pervious land on the site that is required for the LID practice
  5. Slope at the LID practice location
  6. Suitable in pollution hot spots or runoff source areas where land uses or activities have the potential to generate highly contaminated runoff
  7. Suitability in areas of karst geologic formations
  8. | Drinking Water Source Protection wellhead protection area time of travel