For advice on decorative surface aggregatesA broad category of particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, recycled concrete and geosynthetic aggregates, and available in various particulate size gradations. see Stone
Gravel for underdrains and underground infiltration structures should be 20 - 50 mm, uniformly-graded, clean (maximum wash loss of 0.5%), crushed angular stone that has a void ratio of 0.4 (40%).
The uniform grading and the angularity are important to maintain pore throats and clear voids between particles. (i.e. achieve the void ratio).
The clean wash is to prevent rapid accumulation of finesSoil particles with a diameter less than 0.050 mm. in the base of the reservoir.
Gravel with structural requirements should also meet the following criteria:
- Minimum durability index of 35
- Maximum abrasion of 10% for 100 revolutions and maximum of 50% for 500 revolutions
- Porosity of Structural Backfill, Tech Sheet #1, Stormtech, Nov 2012, http://www.stormtech.com/download_files/pdf/techsheet1.pdf accessed 16 October 2017